# Even though an electric field E exerts a force qE on a charged particle yet the electric field of an EM wave

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Even though an electric field E exerts a force qE on a charged particle yet the electric field of an EM wave does not contribute to the radiation pressure (but transfers energy). Explain.

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Electric field of an EM wave is an oscillating field and so is the electric force caused by it on a charged particle. This electric force averaged over an integral number of cycles is zero since its direction changes every half cycle. Hence, electric field is not responsible for radiation pressure.