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• Mahatma Gandhi had come from South Africa, where he had successfully fought against the racist regime —with a novel method of mass agitation— which he referred to as ''Satyagraha'.

• The idea of 'Satyagraha' focused on the power of truth and the need to search for truth. 

• It suggested that if the cause was true, if the struggle was against injustice, then physical force was not necessary to fight the oppressor. 

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• He believed that without vengeance or being aggressive, a satygrahi could win the battle through non-violence, its dharma being the weapon to unite all Indians.

• People, including the oppressors, had to be persuaded to see the truth, instead of being forced to accept the truth through the use of violence.

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