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"A wave of economic nationalism strengthened the wider nationalist sentiments growing in Europe"— which class brought about this change? How did they bring about this change? Explain any two  (1+2 marks)

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The new educated middle class elites brought about this sort of change.

               They brought about this change through the following:

               • The formation of a zollverein —a Customs Union at the initiative of Prussia— which was later joined by many of the German states.

               • Their union abolished the tariff barriers and reduced the number of currencies to two from over thirty 

               • The creation of railways further stimulated mobility, thus harnessing Economic interests for national unification. ( Extra point in case the question is 'how did the educated middle class strengthen wider nationalist sentiments growing in Europe' for 3 marks )

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