(i) Suppose the postulate is true, then two parallel rays would proceed as shown in Fig. 1. Assuming ED shows a wave front then all points on this must have the same phase. All points with the same optical path length must have the same phase.
As showing that the postulate is reasonable. If however, the light proceeded in the sense it does for ordinary material (viz. in the fourth quadrant, Fig. 2)
showing that this is not possible. Hence the postalate is correct.
(ii) From Fig. 1.