Sarthaks Test
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Explain the meaning of the following documents used in connection with import transactions. 

1. Trade enquiry, 

2. Import license,

3. Shipment of advice,

4. Import general manifest,

5. Bill of entry.

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1. Trade Enquiry: It refers to a document sent by an importer to an exporter, seeking information about the price of goods, terms and conditions for supply of goods, etc.. On receipt of a trade enquiry, the exporter prepares a quotation containing the information sought, and sends it to the importer. 

2. Import License: An import license is issued by the Government, permitting an importer to bring in goods from outside the country. In India, for securing an import license, an importer requires an IEC (Importer Expert Code) number, which is obtained after the importer’s registration with the Directorate General for Foreign Trade (DGFT) or the Regional Import Export Licensing Authority. 

3. Shipment Advice: Shipment Advice is a document sent by an exporter to an importer as proof that the goods ordered have been shipped. It contains information about the bill of lading, name of the vessel, date, port of export, description of goods, etc. 

4. Import General Manifest: It is issued by the person in charge of the carrier (ship or airliner) in which the goods are being imported. The document informs the officer in charge at the dock or the airport about the arrival of the goods, and it is on the basis of this document that the cargo will be unloaded. 

5. Bill of Entry: Bill of Entry is a form supplied by the customs office and filled in by the importer at the time the goods are received. It contains information such as the name and address of the importer, name of the ship in which the goods were transported and number of packages. The importer fills in the bill form and returns it to the customs office.

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