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Explain the term FOB.

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Free On Board (FOB) indicates that the supplier pays the shipping costs that include the insurance costs from the point of production to a specified destination, at which point the buyer takes responsibility.

Description: The FOB is an important part in a purchase contract. It indicates who selects the carrier, which party is to bear the freight charges and who has the title to the goods during the shipment. There are two types of FOB contract. 

FOB Destination: In FOB destination (the standard and most commonly used) the seller is the owner of goods while in transit and is responsible for any loss or damage up to the time of delivery. It is expressed as FOB Mumbai or FOB Cochin. It could be to negotiate the shipping separately from the purchase of goods or if a party wants all the shipping to be done by a specific carrier. 

FOB Origin: When no FOB terms are discussed or not mentioned in the contract or purchase order, then, in accordance with the Uniform Commercial Code (UCC) the term is FOB Origin. The buyer is then responsible for freight and damaged goods.

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