From conservation of energy
From conservation of momentum
If E = B, the first equation gives pn = pp = 0 and hence the second equation cannot be satisfied, and the process cannot take place.
For the process to take place, Let E = B + λ, where l would be <<B.
Then : substituting for pn from Equation (2) into Equation (1),
Since the determinant must be positive for pp to be real :