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What are the different forms of power sharing in modern democracies? give an example of each of these.

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Power-sharing is a vital ingredient of any constitution. Power-sharing ensures that there is an optimum balance between different sections in the society. Each and every state should have some form of power-sharing. The chances of opportunity to every citizen increases. Power-sharing has its own value in a democracy. This ensures the stability of political order.

Forms of power-sharing:

There are different forms of power-sharing in modern democracies which are listed below

Horizontal distribution of power

  • Power is shared among different organs of government, such as the legislature, executive and judiciary.
  • Example – India This distribution ensures that none of the organs can exercise and utilise unlimited power.
  • Each and every organ keeps an eye on the others.
  • This system of arrangement is called a system of checks and balances.

Vertical distribution of power

  • Power can be shared among governments at different levels.
  • A general central government for the entire country and governments at the provincial or state and regional level.
  • Example – India Union Government that is Central government and State Government.

Community government

  • Power can also be shared among different socially active groups such as the religious and linguistic groups.
  • Example – Belgium

Power-sharing between political parties, pressure groups and movements

  • This kind of power-sharing competition ensures that power does not remain in one single hand.
  • For longer duration, power is shared among different political parties that represent different ideologies and social groups.

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