At the time of retirement or is the event of death of a partner, the goodwill of the firm is adjusted among the partners in their gaining ratio with the share of goodwill of the retiring or the deceased partner. At the time of retirement or on the event of death of a partner, goodwill account is not opened hence only two situations are left for treating the goodwill first when goodwill account is already there in the book or it appear in the books and second when the amount of goodwill is not appearing in the books. The treatment of goodwill will be as follows in the above two situations First Situation When Goodwill Already Appears in the Books of the Firm
Step 1 Write-off the Existing Goodwill When goodwill account already exist in the book of the firm or mentioned in the book first of all, it will be written oft and should be distributed among all the partners of the firm including the retiring or the deceased partner in their old profit sharing ratio. In that case, the journal entry will be as follows
Step 2 Adjusting Goodwill Through Partners’ Capital Account After writing off the old goodwill, the amount of goodwill now needs to be adjusted through the partner’s capital account with the share of the goodwill of the retiring orthe deceased partner. The following journal entry is passed.
Second Situation When No Goodwill Appears in the Books of the Firm In second case, when no goodwill appears in the books of the firm, the amount of goodwill will be adjusted through the partner’s capital account with the share of the goodwill of the retiring or the deceased partner. The following journal entry’is passed