V1x = speed of molecule inside the box along x direction n1 = number of molecules per unit volume In time Δt, particles moving along the wall will collide if they are within V1x Δt distance. Let a = area of the wall. No. of particles colliding in time Δt = (1/2)nt(VtxΔt)a (factor of 1/2 due to motion towards wall):
In general, gas is in equilibrium as the wall is very large as compared to hole.
No. of particles colliding in time Δt = (1/2)n1 √(kT/m) Δt a. If particles collide along hole, they move out. Similarly outer particles colliding along hole will move in.
Net particle flow in time Δt = 1/2(n1 - n2) √(kT/m)Δt a as temperature is same in and out