# Find the smallest number by which each of the following numbers must be divided to obtain a perfect cube. (i) 81 (ii) 128 (iii) 135

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Find the smallest number by which each of the following numbers must be divided to obtain a perfect cube.

(i) 81

(ii) 128

(iii) 135

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(i) 81 = 3 × 3 × 3 × 3

Here, one 3 is left which is not in a triplet.

If we divide 81 by 3, then it will become a perfect cube.

Thus, 81 ÷ 3 = 27 = 3 × 3 × 3 is a perfect cube.

Hence, the smallest number by which 81 should be divided to make it a perfect cube is 3.

(ii) 128 = 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 Here, one 2 is left which is not in a triplet.

If we divide 128 by 2, then it will become a perfect cube. Thus, 128 ÷ 2 = 64 = 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 is a perfect cube.

Hence, the smallest number by which 128 should be divided to make it a perfect cube is 2.

(iii) 135 = 3 × 3 × 3 × 5

Here, one 5 is left which is not in a triplet.

If we divide 135 by 5, then it will become a perfect cube.

Thus, 135 ÷ 5 = 27 = 3 × 3 × 3 is a perfect cube.

Hence, the smallest number by which 135 should be divided to make it a perfect cube is 5.

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