Sarthaks Test
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Molecules in air in the atmosphere are attracted by gravitational force of the earth. Explain why all of them do not fall into the earth just like an apple falling from a tree.

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Molecules experience the vertically downward force due to gravity just like an apple falling from a tree. Due to thermal motion, which is random, their velocity is not in the vertical direction. The downward force of gravity causes the density of air in the atmosphere close to earth higher than the density as we go up.

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