Education is considered as an important input for the development of a nation because the development of a nation rests on the proportion of the educated people in the country. The significance of education in the economic development of a nation is explained through the following points:
(i) Imparts Quality Skills and Knowledge: Education endows people with quality skills, thereby, enhancing their productivity. Consequently, it enhances the income earning capacities of and opportunities for the people. Moreover, it also enables human capital to utilize the available physical capital optimally.
(ii) Develops Mental Abilities: Education develops mental abilities of people and helps them to make their choice rationally and intellectually. Education churns out good citizens by inculcating values in them.
(iii) Acceptability of Modernization: An educated public of a nation has greater acceptability of modernization and modern techniques. This not only helps the economy to grow but also facilitates a primitive economy to break the shackles of tradition and backwardness.
(iv) Eradicates Skewed Income Distribution: Education not only increases the income earning capacity but also reduces the skewed distribution of income, thereby, forming an egalitarian society.
(v) Raises Standard and Quality of Living: Education enhances the income earning capacity of people and, thereby, raising the standard of living and improving the quality of living.
(vi) Increases the Participation Rate: It fosters economic development by increasing the participation of people in the process of growth and development.
(vii) One Solution for Other Economic Problems: The importance of education is not only limited to making people educated but also in facilitating an underdeveloped economy to solve different but interrelated macro economic problems like poverty, income inequality, population, investments, under utilization of resources.