Sarthaks Test
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Two discs of moments of inertia I1 and I2 about their respective axes (normal to the disc and passing through the centre), and rotating with angular speed ω1 andω2 are brought into contact face to face with their axes of rotation coincident.

(a) Does the law of conservation of angular momentum apply to the situation? why?

(b) Find the angular speed of the two-disc system.

(c) Calculate the loss in kinetic energy of the system in the process.

(d) Account for this loss.

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(a) Yes, because there is no net external torque on the system. External forces, gravitation and normal reaction, act through the axis of rotation, hence produce no torque.

(b) By angular momentum conservation

(d) The loss in kinetic energy is due to the work against the friction between the two discs.

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