# A curved surface is shown in Fig. 6.16. The portion BCD is free of friction. There are three spherical balls of identical radii and masses

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A curved surface is shown in Fig. 6.16. The portion BCD is free of friction. There are three spherical balls of identical radii and masses. Balls are released from rest one by one from A which is at a slightly greater height than C.

With the surface AB, ball 1 has large enough friction to cause rolling down without slipping; ball 2 has a small friction and ball 3 has a negligible friction.

(a) For which balls is total mechanical energy conserved?

(b) Which ball (s) can reach D?

(c) For balls which do not reach D, which of the balls can reach back A?

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(a) Energy is conserved for balls 1 and 3.

(b) Ball 1 acquires rotational energy, ball 2 loses energy by friction. They cannot cross at C. Ball 3 can cross over.

(c) Ball 1, 2 turn back before reaching C. Because of loss of energy, ball 2 cannot reach back to A. Ball 1 has a rotational motion in “wrong” sense when it reaches B. It cannot roll back to A, because of kinetic friction.