Sarthaks Test
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Find the values of the letters in the following and give reasons for the steps involved.

(A,B) x 5 = (C,A,B)

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The multiplication of B and 5 is giving a number whose ones digit is B again. This is possible when B = 5 or B = 0 only.

In case of B = 5, the product, B × 5 = 5 × 5 = 25 2 will be a carry for the next step.

We have, 5 × A + 2 = CA, which is possible for A = 2 or 7 The multiplication is as follows.

If B = 0,

B × 5 = B ⇒ 0 × 5 = 0

There will not be any carry in this step.

In the next step, 5 × A = CA

It can happen only when A = 5 or A = 0

However, A cannot be 0 as AB is a two-digit number.

Hence, A can be 5 only. The multiplication is as follows.

50 x 5 = 250

Hence, there are 3 possible values of A, B, and C.

(i) 5, 0, and 2 respectively

(ii) 2, 5, and 1 respectively

(iii) 7, 5, and 3 respectively

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