(a) Chadwick discovered neutron. Neutron is a neutral particle so it does not have any charge. It is located in nucleus of any atom.
(b) (i)Most of the α -particles passed through the gold foil without any deflection.
(ii) Some of the α - particles were deflected through small angles and a few deflected through large angles.
(iii)Very few were deflected back, i.e. through an angle greater than 90°.
(c) Atoms of different elements having same mass number but different atomic number are known as isobars. For e.g. 20Ca 40 and 18Ar 40 .
(d) Rutherford concluded that size of nucleus is very small as compared to size of an atom