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Describe the steps taken for conducting first general elections in India. To what extent these elections were successful?

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India was going through highly unstable circumstances at the time of independence. On one hand, there was partition tragedy and on the other, there was problem of refugee resettlement, creation of employment and eradication of poverty. In such circumstances, it was very challenging to establish democracy. Despite all the hardships, country’s leadership chose the path of democracy. On 26th January, 1950, the Constitution of India was brought into force. Prior to that, administration of country was controlled by Interim Government but after the enforcement of constitution, it was necessary to run the country by constitutionally elected government. For this reason, in January 1950, Election Commission of India was setup and Sukumar Sen was appointed as the Election Commissioner. The results of the first general election did not surprise anyone. The Indian National Congress was expected to win this election. The Congress party had inherited the legacy of the national movement. Jawaharlal Nehru, the charismatic leader in Indian politics. He led the Congress campaign and toured through the country.

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