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Describe the role of E.V. Ramaswami ‘Periyar’ in the Dravid Movement and the formation of Dravida Kazhagam (DK). Why did the DK get split and enter into politics as DMK?

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The Dravidian movement led to the formation of Dravida Kazhagam(DK) under the leadership of Tamil social reformer E.V Ramaswami ‘Periyar’. The organization strongly opposed the Brahmins’ dominance and affirmed regional pride against the political, economic and cultural domination of the north. Initially, the Dravidian Movement spoke in terms of the whole of South India.

The DK split and the political legacy of the movement was transferred to Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam(DMK) due to the following: 

(i) It demanded the restoration of the original name of Kallakudi railway station, which had been renamed Dalmiapuram after an industrial house from the north.

(ii) Secondly, agitation was for giving Tamil cultural history greater importance in the school curriculum.

(iii) The third agitation was against the craft education scheme of the state government, which it alleged was linked to the Brahmanical social outlook.

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