The four challenges faced by Election Commission of India before first General Elections are as follows:
(a) Delimitation of Electoral Constituencies: To hold a free and fair election in a diverse country of India’s size required drawing the boundaries of the electoral constituencies.
(b) Absence of electoral rolls: It was important to prepare list of voters to hold free and fair election.
(c) Illiteracy: There were only 15% voters literate out of 17 crore eligible voters because of which special method of voting was required.
(d) Mistakes in electoral rolls: When the first draft of the rolls was published, it was discovered that the names of nearly 40 lakh women were not recorded in the list. They were simply listed as ‘wife of ’ or ‘daughter of ’. The Election Commission refused to accept these entries.