Congress as an ideological coalition: Congress was a centrist party that could accommodate views of near-Right and near-Left members. Congress was built on the principles of secularism and equality and had members without any exclusionary tactics. The Congress represented views of the capitalists and peasants in the forms of industrialists and peasants respectively.
Congress as a social coalition: Congress had representation from industrialists, farmers and of workers and tried to accommodate views of each social class. Similarly, Congress did not discriminate on the basis of caste, religion, gender or ethnicity and showed unity in diversity.