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Read the passage and answer the questions below:

“… Indira Gandhi changed the Congress into highly centralized and undemocratic party organisation, from the earlier federal, democratic and ideological formation that Nehru had led. … But this … could not have happened had not Indira Gandhi changed the entire nature of politics. This new, populist politics turned political ideology … into a mere electoral discourse, use of various slogans not meant to be translated into government policies…. During its great electoral victories in early 1970s, amidst the celebration, the Congress party as a political organisation died —Sudipta Kaviraj 

(a) What according to the author is the difference between the strategies of Nehru and Indira Gandhi? 

(b) Why does the author say that the Congress party ‘died’ in the seventies? 

(c) In what way, did the change in the Congress party affect other political parties also?

1 Answer

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(a) According to an author, the main difference between the strategies of Nehru and Indira Gandhi is that Jawahar Lai Nehru led the Congress into federal, democratic and ideological nature whereas Indira Gandhi converted it into highly centralized and undemocratic party. 

(b) Congress party died in the seventies due to changing nature of Congress, the new populist politics turned political ideology into a mere electoral discourage and the use of various slogans never meant to be translated into government policies i. e. electoral victories of 1970s. 

(c) The change in the Congress party affected other political parties also as they formed SVD (Samyukt Vidhayak Dal) in the form of coalitions and grand alliance.

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