The man had actually used the solution of aqua regia (mixture of conc. HCl and conc. `HNO_(3)` in the ratio of 3 : 1 by volume) which has dissolved gold forming soluble auric chloride `(AuCl_(3))`. Since gold actually reacted, there was a loss in weight of the gold bangles. With the removal of the dull layer of gold from the surface, there was original shine on the bangles.