# Two conducting wires of the same material and of equal length and equal diameters are first connected in series and then in parallel in an electric ci

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Two conducting wires of the same material and of equal length and equal diameters are first connected in series and then in parallel in an electric circuit. The ratio of the heat produced in series and parallel combinations would be :
A. 1 : 2
B. 2 : 1
C. 1 : 4
D. 4 : 1

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Since both the wires are made of the same material and have equal lengths and equal diameters, these have the same resistance. Let it be R.
When connected in series , their equivalent resistance is given by
R_s = R + R = 2 R
When connected in parallel, their equivalent resistance is given by
(1)/(R_p) = (1)/( R) + (1)/( R) = (2)/(R) or R_p = (R )/(2)
Further, electrical power is given by P = (V^2)/( R)
Power (or heat produced) in series, P_s = (V^2)/(R_s)
Power (or heat produced) in parallel, P_p = (V^2)/(R_p)
Thus, (P_s)/(P_p) = (V^2//R_s)/(V^2//R_p) = (R_p)/(R_s) = (R//2)/(2 R) = (1)/(4) or P_s : P_p : : 1 : 4
Thus, (c) is the correct answer.