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A convex lens is used to focus the rays from the far off light bulb at a distance of one meter from the lens. What should be the focal length of the lens ? Draw a ray diagram to show the formation of image.

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The far off light bulb acts as an object at `u = oo`. Let its image be formed at a distance v from the lens.
From lens formula
`(1)/(f) = (1)/(v) - 1/u = (1)/(v) - 1/oo = (1)/(v)`
`:. f =v =1` meter
Hence focal length of the lens = 1meter. The course of rays is as shown in fig.
image

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