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What is biodiversity? Why are farests considered as "biodiversity hot spots"? List two factors responsible for causing deforestation.

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Biodiversity is the occurrence of diverse type of organisms and their variants adapted in different environments.
Forests are areas which are rich in biodiversity and are also the most threatened ones due to high degrees of exploition and human interference.
The factors responsible for cansing deforestation are-
(i) Industrial needs and developmental projects like building of roads, dams, etc..
(ii) Urbanisation where forests are converted into housing colonies.
(iii) Reuirement of forest produce for a large number of industeires such as timber, paper lac sports euipments etc.

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