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Differentiate between the following:
(a) Dominance and Recessive
(b) Homozygous and Heterozygous
(c) Monohybrid and Dihybrid.

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A dominant factor or allele expresses itself in the presence or absence of a recessive trait.

A recessive trait is able to express itself only in the absence of a dominant trait.

For example, tall plant, round seed, violet flower, etc. are dominant characters in a pea plant.

For example, dwarf plant, wrinkled seed, white flower, etc. are recessive traits in a pea plant.

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