The formation of a company is a lengthy process. For convenience the whole process of company formation may be divided into the following four stages: 1. Promotion Stage 2. Incorporation or Registration Stage 3. Capital Subscription Stage 4. Commencement of Business Stage.
Stage # 1. Promotion Stage:
Promotion is the first stage in the formation of a company. The term ‘Promotion’ refers to the aggregate of activities designed to bring into being an enterprise to operate a business. It presupposes the technical processing of a commercial proposition with reference to its potential profitability.
Stage # 2. Incorporation or Registration Stage:
Incorporation or registration is the second stage in the formation of a company. It is the registration that brings a company into existence. A company is properly constituted only when it is duly registered under the Act and a Certificate of Incorporation has been obtained from the Registrar of Companies.
Stage # 3. Capital Subscription Stage:
A private company or a public company not having share capital can commence business immediately on its incorporation. As such ‘capital subscription stage’ and ‘commencement of business stage’ are relevant only in the case of a public company having a share capital. Such a company has to pass through these additional two stages before it can commence business.
Stage # 4. Commencement of Business Stage:
After getting the certificate of incorporation, a private company can start its business. A public company can start its business only after getting a’ certificate of commencement of business’.