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What is DNA fingerprinting? Mention its application.

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DNA fingerprinting is a technique used to identify and analyse the variations in various individuals at the level of DNA. It is based on variability and polymorphism in DNA sequences.

  •  It is used in forensic science to identify potential crime suspects.
  •  It is used to establish paternity and family relationships.
  •  It is used to identify and protect the commercial varieties of crops   and livestock.
  •  It is used to find out the evolutionary history of an organism and trace out the linkages between groups of various organisms.

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