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What are the various routes by which transmission of human immunodeficiency virus takes place?

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AIDS (Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome) is caused by the Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
It has the following modes of transmission:

  •  Unprotected sexual contact with an infected person.
  • Transfusion of blood from a healthy to an infected person.
  • Sharing infected needles and syringes.
  •  From an infected mother to a child through the placenta.

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