# While sulphate dioxide and hydrogen peroxide can act as oxidising as well as reducing agents in their reactions, ozone and nitric acid act only as oxi

27 views

closed
While sulphate dioxide and hydrogen peroxide can act as oxidising as well as reducing agents in their reactions, ozone and nitric acid act only as oxidants. Why?

by (63.1k points)
selected

In sulphur dioxide (SO_(2)) , the oxidation number (O.N) of S is +4 and the range of the O.N. that S can have is from + 6 to -2 .
Therefore , SO_(2) can act as an oxidising as well as a reducing agent .
In hydrogen peroxide (H_(2)O_(2)), the O.N. of O is –1 and the range of the O.N. that O can have is from 0 to –2. O can sometimes also attain the oxidation numbers +1 and +2. Hence, H_(2)O_(2) can act as an oxidising as well as a reducing agent
In ozone (O_(3)), the O.N. of O is zero and the range of the O.N. that O can have is from 0 to –2. Therefore, the O.N. of O can only decrease in this case. Hence, O_(3) acts only as an oxidant.
In nitric acid (HNO_(3)), the O.N. of N is +5 and the range of the O.N. that N can have is from +5 to –3. Therefore, the O.N. of N can only decrease in this case. Hence, HNO_(3) acts only as an oxidant.