Intelligence is the ‘ability to perceive or infer information, and to retain it as knowledge to be applied towards adaptive behavior within an environment or context.’
Intelligence is the ability to interact with the world (speech, vision, motion, manipulation), ability to model the world and to reason about it, ability to learn, ability to make decisions and to adapt.
Intelligence has been defined in many ways: It involves abstract reasoning, mental representation, problem solving, and decision making, the ability to learn, emotional knowledge, creativity, and adaptation to meet the demands of the environment effectively.
As per major researches, there are mainly 9 types of Intelligence:
(i) Mathematical Logical Intelligence: A person's ability to regulate, measure, and understand numerical symbols, abstraction and logic
(ii) Linguistic Intelligence: Language processing skills both in terms of understanding or implementation in writing or speech.
(iii) Spatial Visual Intelligence: It is defined as the ability to perceive the visual world and the relationship of one object to another.
(iv) Kinesthetic Intelligence: Ability that is related to how a person uses his limbs in a skilled manner.
(v) Musical Intelligence: As the name suggests, this intelligence is about a person's ability to recognize and create sounds, rhythms, and sound patterns
(vi) Intrapersonal Intelligence: Describes the level of self-awareness someone has starting from realizing weakness, strength, to recognizing his own feelings
(vii) Existential Intelligence: An additional category of intelligence relating to religious and spiritual awareness.
(viii) Naturalist Intelligence: An additional category of intelligence relating to the ability to process information on the environment around us.
(ix) Interpersonal Intelligence: Interpersonal intelligence is the ability to communicate with others by understanding other people's feelings and the influence of the person.