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Briefly describe the following:
(a) Transcription
(b) Polymorphism
(c) Translation
(d) Bioinformatics

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(b) If an inheritable mutation is observed in a population at high frequency, it is called DNA polymorphism, (d) Bioinformatics is the branch of science concerned with the management and analysis of biological information stored in databases. This branch is a recently developed science using information to understand biological phenomenon. It has developed after establishment of genetic engineering techniques, introductive of automated protein and DNA sequencing technologies and use of computers to store enormous data which could be easily accessed remotely.

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