# Find the proper potential energy of gravitational interaction of matter forming (a) a thin uniform spherical layer of mass m and radius R, (b) a unifo

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Find the proper potential energy of gravitational interaction of matter forming
(a) a thin uniform spherical layer of mass m and radius R,
(b) a uniform sphere of mass m and radius R(make use of the answer to Problem)

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(a) Since the potential at each point of a spherical surface (shell) is constant and is equal to varphi=-(gammam)/(R), [as we have in Eq. (1) of solution of problem]
We obtain in accordance with the equation
U=1/2intdmvarphi=1/2varphiintdm
=1/2(-(gammam)/(R))m=-(gammam^2)/(2R)
(The factor 1/2 is needed otherwise contribution of different mass elements is counted twice.)
(b) In this case the potential inside the sphere depends only on r of the solution of problem)
varphi=-(3gammam)/(2R)(1-(r^2)/(3R^2))
Here dm is the mass of an elementary spherical layer confined between the radii r and r+dr:
dm=(4pir^2drrho)=((3m)/(R^3))r^2dr
U=1/2intdmvarphi
=1/2underset(0)overset(R)int((3m)/(R^3))r^2dr{-(2gammam)/(2R)(1-((r^2)/(3R^2))}
After integrating, we get
U=-3/5(gammam^2)/(R)