Linear Simple Harmonic Motion : It is defined as the linear periodic motion of a body, in which the restoring force (or acceleration) is always directed towards the mean position and its magnitude is directly proportional to the displacement from the mean position.

Particle performing S.H.M. starting fromm extreme position :

Equation of displacement is `x=acosomegat`

At extreme position, `alpha=pi//2`.

`:.` Velocity of particle is `v=(dx)/(dt)=(d)/(dt)(acosomegat)`

And `v=-aomegasinomegat`

acceleration of a particle `=(dv)/(dt)`

`=(d)/(dt)=(-aomegasinomegat)`

`=-aomega^(2)cosomegat`.

Substiuting `omega=2pi//T` in above equaitons

(i) Displancement, veloctiy and acceleration of S.H.M. are periodic functions of time.

(ii) Displancement-time curve and acceleration-time curve are cosine curve and velocity-time curve is a since curve.

(iii) Phase difference between displacement and velocity is

`(pi)/(2)` radian.

(iv) Phase difference between velocity and acceleration is `(pi)/(2)` radian.

(v) Phase difference between displacement and acceleration is `pi` radian.

(vi) At extreme position, displancement and acceleration is maximum while velocity is minimum.

(vii) After the phase of `2pi` radian, all curves repeat the same path.

Given L=1.005m and g `=9.8m//s^(2)`

Period of simple pendulum (T)

`=2pisqrt((L)/(g))`

`T=2xx3.142xxsqrt((1.005)/(9.8))`

`=2.012sec.

Now, seconds pendulum has a period of 2 sec.

Therefore, the given clock will loose `(2.012-2)sec=0.012` sec during summer.

`:.` Loss in period per day `(24xx3600xx0.012)/(2.012)`

`=515.3` sec.