# Represent the following situations in the form of quadratic equations

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(i) The area of a rectangular plot is 528 m2. The length of the plot (in metres) is one more than twice its breadth. We need to find the length and breadth of the plot.

(ii) The product of two consecutive positive integers is 306. We need to find the integers.

(iii) Rohan’s mother is 26 years older than him. The product of their ages (in years) 3 years from now will be 360. We would like to find Rohan’s present age.

(iv) A train travels a distance of 480 km at a uniform speed. If the speed had been 8 km/h less, then it would have taken 3 hours more to cover the same distance. We need to find the speed of the train.

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Solution:

(i) Let the breadth = x metres

Length = 2 (Breadth) + 1

Length = (2x + 1) metres

Since Length × Breadth = Area

∴ (2x + 1) × x = 528

2x2 + x = 528

2x2 + x – 528 = 0

Thus, the required quadratic equation is

2x2 + x – 528 = 0

(ii) Let the two consecutive numbers be x and (x + 1).

∵ Product of the numbers = 306

∴ x (x + 1) = 306

⇒ x2 + x = 306

⇒ x2 + x – 306 = 0

Thus, the required equdratic equation is

x2 + x – 306 = 0

(iii) Let the present age = x

∴ Mother’s age = (x + 26) years

After 3 years

His age = (x + 3) years

Mother’s age = [(x + 26) + 3] years

= (x + 29) years

According to the condition, ⇒ (x + 3) × (x + 29) = 360

⇒ x2 + 29x + 3x + 87 = 360

⇒ x2 + 29x + 3x + 87 – 360 = 0

⇒ x2 + 32x – 273 = 0

Thus, the required quadratic equation is

x2 + 32x – 273 = 0

(iv) Let the speed of the tram = u km/hr

Distance covered = 480 km

Time taken = Distance + Speed

= (480 ÷ u) hours

= 480/u hours

In second case,

Speed = (u – 8) km/ hour According to the condition, ⇒ 480u – 480(u – 8) = 3u(u – 8)

⇒ 480u – 480u + 3840 = 3u2 – 24u

⇒ 3840 – 3u2 + 24u = 0

⇒ 1280 – u2 + 8u = 0

⇒ –1280 + u2 – 8u = 0

⇒ u2 – 8u – 1280 = 0

Thus, the required quadratic equation is

u2 – 8u – 1280 = 0