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How is the issue of sustainability important for development? Explain with examples.

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Importance of Sustainable Development –

(i) Sustainable development aims at fulfilling the needs of today without compromising the needs of the future generation.

(ii) Sustainability is the capability to use the resources judiciously and maintain the ecological balance.

(iii) It lays emphasis on environmental protection and check environmental degradation.

(iv) To stop over exploitation and over use of resources.

Any three points to be explained with relevant examples like petroleum, coal, ground water, etc.

Detailed Answer on Importance of Sustainable Development : 

Sustainable development means that a development should meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs – 

(i) It is felt that the economic growth and industrialization have led to reckless exploitation of natural resources. Sustainability promotes a rational use of natural resources. 

(ii) Groundwater is an example of renewable resource. But if we use more than what is replenished by nature, then we would be overusing this resource. 

(iii) Once the non-renewable resources would be exhausted we won’t be able to use them in future. So, using the resources judiciously will help in maintaining the sustainability of development of our ecosystem.

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The issue of sustainability is important for development because development must be in tandem with the future. If natural resources are not sustained, then development will stagnate after a point of time. Exploiting resources unethically will ultimately undo the development that a country may have achieved. This is because, in the future, those resources will not be available for further progress.

Meeting the basic needs of all that requires the distribution of resources is our moral responsibility. It becomes a moral obligation to hand over the earth to the future generation in good order. But, it is realised that if the resources (non-renewable) are utilized fully then these will deplete so fast that it will not meet the production capacity of the future generation. The economic development achieved today in such a manner cannot be sustained for a long time as the production capacity of the future generations in the absence of productive resources reduces. Therefore, sustainable development is the process of economic development that aims at meeting the needs of the present generation without comprising the needs of future generations. Sustainable development maximizes the welfare of both present and future generations. In other words, it is the process of economic growth that is sustained over a long period of time without causing any fall in the quality of life of future generations.

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