Importance of Sustainable Development –
(i) Sustainable development aims at fulfilling the needs of today without compromising the needs of the future generation.
(ii) Sustainability is the capability to use the resources judiciously and maintain the ecological balance.
(iii) It lays emphasis on environmental protection and check environmental degradation.
(iv) To stop over exploitation and over use of resources.
Any three points to be explained with relevant examples like petroleum, coal, ground water, etc.
Detailed Answer on Importance of Sustainable Development :
Sustainable development means that a development should meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs –
(i) It is felt that the economic growth and industrialization have led to reckless exploitation of natural resources. Sustainability promotes a rational use of natural resources.
(ii) Groundwater is an example of renewable resource. But if we use more than what is replenished by nature, then we would be overusing this resource.
(iii) Once the non-renewable resources would be exhausted we won’t be able to use them in future. So, using the resources judiciously will help in maintaining the sustainability of development of our ecosystem.