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Explain different types of coordinative abilities in detail.

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There are seven types of coordinative abilities. There are different abilities for different games/sport. They are:

(a) Differentiation ability: It is the ability to achieve a high level cf fine tuning or harmony of individual movement phases and body part movements. It is a high degree of accuracy and high level of mastery over sports movements for effective application in competition. 

For example: In gymnastics differential ability enables highly precise and accurate movements according to given model of movement. In football harmony of feet and head counts. 

(b) Orientation ability: It is the ability to change the position and movements of the body in time and space in relation to a definite field of action. In gymnastics the position and the movement of head and eyes is important for orientation. In wrestling, kinesthetic sense organs assume importance, in Football vision, especially peripheral vision, is decisive. 

(c) Coupling ability: It is the ability to coordinate body part movements in relation to a definite goal, criented body movement. 

For example: In football, the foot-movement for all control or dribbling have to be coupled with the whole body movement of running. jumping, etc. Likewise in wrestling the movements of hands, legs. frunk and head have to be successfully combined.

(d) Reaction ability: It is the ability to react quickly and effectively to a signal. To a great extent it depends on sense organs, coordinative processes of CNS, decision-making, concentration and anticipation. 

(e) Balance ability: It is the ability to maintain balance between body movements. Both static as well as dynamic balance is important in sports. 

(f) Rhythm ability: It is the ability to produce a rhythm, existing in motor memory, in motor action. For example, In Gymnastics the sportsman has to perceive an external rhythm, given in the form of music and to express it in his movements. in other sports rhythm is not given from outside, the sportsman has to make use of rhythm stored in his motor memory. 

(g) Adaptation ability: It is the ability to adjust or completely change the movement programme during tire movement on the basis of changes or anticipated changes in the situation. The situational changes may be expected ones or may suddenly take place. It depends heavily on experience.

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