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In a class test, the sum of Shefali’s marks in Mathematics and English is 30. Had she got 2 marks more in Mathematics and 3 marks less in English, the product of their marks would have been 210. Find her marks in the two subjects.

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Solution:

Let the marks in Maths be x.
Then, the marks in English will be 30 - x.
According to the question,
(x + 2)(30 - x - 3) = 210
(x + 2)(27 - x) = 210
⇒ -x2 + 25x + 54 = 210
⇒ x2 - 25x + 156 = 0
⇒ x2 - 12x - 13x + 156 = 0
⇒ x(x - 12) -13(x - 12) = 0
⇒ (x - 12)(x - 13) = 0
⇒ x = 12, 13
If the marks in Maths are 12, then marks in English will be 30 - 12 = 18
If the marks in Maths are 13, then marks in English will be 30 - 13 = 17

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