(i) Spore formation in Rhizopus: This is an asexual method of reproduction in bacteria and fungi. Spores are unicellular bodies formed by cell division in a parent organism. After detaching from the parent, and if conditions are suitable, they germinate directly or indirectly into a new individual.
(ii) Multiple fission in Plasmodium: It is an asexual mode of reproduction in organisms. Here, the nucleus of the organism divides repeatedly to form a number of equal sized daughter nuclei and each daughter nuclei breaks away together with a small portion of the cytoplasm.