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A concealed circuit (black box) consisting of resistors has four terminals (Fig. 92). If a voltage is applied between clamps

1 and 2 when clamps 3 and 4 are disconnected, the power liberated is N1 = 40 W, and when the clamps 3 and 4 are connected, the power liberated is N2 = 80 W. If the same source is connected to the clamps 3 and 4, the power liberated in the circuit when the clamps 1 and 2 are disconnected is N3 = 20 W. Determine the power N4 consumed in the circuit when the clamps 1 and 2 are connected and the same voltage is applied between the clamps 3 and 4.

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Let us make use of the fact that any "black box" circuit consisting of resistors can be reduced

to a form (Fig. 217), where the quantities R1, R2, . ., R5 are expressed in terms of the resistances of the initial resistors of the "black box" circuit (this can be verified by using in the initial circuit the transformations of the star-delta type and reverse transformations). By hypothesis, equal currents pass each time through resistors of resistance R1 and R4 and also through R3 and R5 (or there is no current through them when the clamps are disconnected). Using this circumstance, we can simplify the circuit as shown in Fig. 218. Then, by hypothesis,

It can easily be verified that

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