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Discuss the various reactions that occur in the Solvay process.

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complete process may be written as : 

2NH3+ H2O+CO2=(NH4)2CO3

(NH4)2CO3+H2O+CO2=2NH4HCO3

NH4HCO3+NaCl=NH4Cl+NaHCO3

Sodium hydrogencarbonate crystal separates. These are heated to give sodium carbonate.

2NaHCO3=Na2 CO3+CO2+H2O

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