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Which one of the following statements is incorrect in respect of elections of Zilla Parishads in Maharashtra State?

1. The 50% seats of Zilla Parishad Presidents in the state are reserved for women. 
2. The elections for the posts of President and Chairpersons of the subject committees are conducted by the Collector under the supervision and control of the State Government.
3. The President of Zilla Parishad is the ex-officio Chairperson of the Water and Sanitation Committee in Zilla Parishad.
4. The term of office of President of the Zilla Parishad is of 5 years. 

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Correct Answer - Option 4 : The term of office of President of the Zilla Parishad is of 5 years. 

The correct answer The term of office of President of the Zilla Parishad is of 5 years

  • Rural governance in India is based on the Panchayati Raj system.
  • It is a three-tier system, with the Zilla Parishad at the district level, Taluka panchayat at the Taluka or sub-district level, and Grampanchayat (Village Council) at the lowest level.
  • That act was amended with Act XXI to bring it in line with the 73rd amendment to the Indian constitution in 1994.
    • Maharashtra Zilla Parishads and Panchayat Samitis Acts 1961
      • Zilla Parishad (commonly known as ZP) is a local government body at the district level in India. It looks after the administration of the rural area of the district and its office is located at the district headquarters.
      • There are 34 Zilla Parishads in Maharashtra.
    • The deputy chief executive officer from the General Administration Department at the district level is the ex-officio secretary of Zila Parishad. 
    • The Secretary of the Panchayat is a non-elected representative, appointed by the state government, to oversee Panchayat activities.
    • Not less than 1/3rd of the offices and seats are reserved for the women members. Hence, option 1 is correct.
    • Term of office of President and Vice-President. - The term of office of the President and Vice-President shall be two and a half years. Hence 4 is incorrect

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