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Department of Agriculture and Cooperation has initiated a Saffron Mission to be implemented from 2010 to 2014. What does it involve?

(a) Replanting 

(b) Improving soil health

(c) Strengthening Irrigation

(d) Weather Station development 

(e) Enhancing Research and Extension

1. (a), (b), (c), (d) 
2. (a), (b), (c), (e) 
3. (a), (b), (d), (e) 
4. (a), (c), (d), (e)

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Correct Answer - Option 1 : (a), (b), (c), (d) 

The correct answer is (a),(b),(c),(d).

  • Saffron Mission:
    • National Saffron Mission was launched in 2010-11. 
    • Until 2020, it was applicable only to the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir. But after 2020, this scheme is now applicable to the North-Eastern part of the country.
    • The Pampore region, in India, is commonly known as the Saffron bowl of Kashmir.
    • Crocus Sativus is the plant through which saffron is produced, and this species is commonly grown in regions of Jammu and Kashmir in India.
    • The Saffron Mission was launched as a part of the Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY).
    • Its main objectives include:
      • improving soil health Hence a is correct
      • Replanting Hence b is correct
      • improving irrigation system Hence c is correct
      • maintaining with the weather change. Hence d is correct 
    • India is the second-largest producer of saffron in the world.
    • The Pampore Saffron Heritage of Kashmir is one of the Globally Important Agricultural Heritage System (GIAHS) recognised sites in India.
    • The GIAHS recognised sites are traditional agricultural systems that represent models of sustainable agricultural production.

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