Correct Answer - Option 4 : Benjamin Disraeli
The correct answer is Benjamin Disraeli.
Revolt of 1857:
- The Indian Rebellion of 1857 was a major uprising in India in 1857–58 against the rule of the British East India Company, which functioned as a sovereign power on behalf of the British Crown.
- The rebellion began on 10 May 1857 in the form of a mutiny of sepoys of the Company's army in the garrison town of Meerut.
- The historians from the colonial school that largely comprised British historians termed this event as the mutiny of Bharatiya troops in the British army.
- It emerges that it was a national uprising and the prime factor that led to this war was the way the East India Company and the British officials were attacking the cultural ethos of this nation and especially the Hindus.
- British member of Parliament Benziman Disraeli admitted the revolt of 1857 as a National Revolt.
- Benjamin Disraeli was the leader of the Conservative Party and the opposition leader in the House of Commons.
- None other than the prominent conservative leader, Benjamin Disraeli, who later became the Prime Minister of Britain accepted in House of Commons on July 27, 1857, “The revolt was more than a mutiny of Indian troops".
Views about the Revolt of 1857:
- There are two major views regarding the nature of the Revolt of 1857.
- The British historians have treated the great uprising of 1857 as a sepoy mutiny.
- On the other hand, the staunch patriotic and nationalist Indian writers & historians regard the Revolt of 1857 as the First War of Indian Independence.
Jawaharlal Nehru maintains that the Revolt of 1857 was essential ‘a feudal uprising though there were some nationalistic elements in it’.
- Moderate historians also express a similar opinion regarding the nature of the Revolt of 1857.
- There are some other views that described the Revolt as a religious war or a racial struggle for supremacy.
- Struggle between the whites and the coloured people the oriental and occidental civilization, a Hindu-Muslim conspiracy to overthrow the British rule, a conflict between feudalism and imperialism.
- In order to understand the nature of the Revolt of 1857 it is important to examine the opinions of the different historians.