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In which year did Mahatma Gandhi launch Non-cooperation movement?
1. 1919
2. 1920
3. 1930
4. 1942

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Correct Answer - Option 2 : 1920

The correct answer is 1920.

  • Gandhiji launched the Non-cooperation Movement in 1920.
  • Features of the movement:
    • It was a peaceful and non-violent protest against the British government in India. 
    • The Non-cooperation movement was a mass movement that involved participation from the nationalists as well as the public. 
    • The movement was to be nonviolent and to consist of Indians resigning their titlesboycotting government educational institutionsgovernment serviceforeign goods, and elections, and eventually, refusing to pay taxes
    • People resigned from their government jobs.
    • People were asked to withdraw their children from government-controlled or aided schools and colleges.
    • This movement was a great success as it got massive encouragement from millions of Indians. This movement almost shook the British authorities.
  • ​Causes of the movement:
    •  Indians thought that in return for the extensive support of manpower and resources they had provided to Britain during the First World War, they would be rewarded by autonomy at the end of the war. But the Government of India Act 1919 was dissatisfactory.​
    • The repressive Rowlatt Act and the brutal massacre at Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar had a profound effect on the Indian leaders and the people. 
    • The leaders of the Khilafat movement accepted the non-cooperation movement of Gandhiji and led a joint protest against the British.
  • The Non-cooperation Movement was called off by Mahatma Gandhi after the Chauri Chaura incident in February 1922. 
    • In Chauri Chaura, Uttar Pradesh, a violent mob set fire to a police station killing 22 policemen during a clash between the police and protesters of the movement.

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