Correct Answer - Option 3 : (c), (b), (d), (a)
- Durlabhavardhana founded the Karkota Empire, Kashmir (c. 625 - 885 CE) during the lifetime of Harshavardhan.
- Karkota was a major power in the Indian subcontinent during the 7th and 8th century.
- His kingdom was located in the present-day Indian state of Kashmir.
- The dynasty marked the rise of Kashmir as a power in Northern India.
Chandrapida is also known as Vajraditya I, was the 3rd king of the Karkota dynasty, Kashmir.
- He was the eldest son of king Durlabhaka (son of Durlabhvardhan) and succeeded him onto the throne.
- He was a famous king known for his wise, just, courageous nature, with a simple disposition.
- According to Kalhana's Rajatarangini, Chandrapida ruled from c. 684 CE-643 CE.
- His reign was peaceful, as he was a just and benevolent king, who cared for his subjects.
Lalitaditya Muktapida became the fifth ruler of the Karkota dynasty from c. 724 CE–760 CE.
- He was a younger brother of Chandrapida.
- Lalitaditya not only stopped the Arabs from entering India but also conquered parts of Iran and extended his Kingdom up to Tibet and China.
- His successful efforts to protect Kashmir and India is something that the Indian nation can and should never forget.
- The accession of Avantivarman (855-83 A.D.) on the throne of Kashmir ushered in a period of peace and prosperity.
- His was an Age of Consolidation and Enlightenment.
- He did not have the ambition of going on expeditions and conquering many lands.
- Thus, there was peace and Kashmir reached the apex in philosophy and literature.