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Assertion: Under the Government of India Act of 1935, the residuary powers were vested in the Central Legislature.

Reason: The government of India Act of 1935 divided the subjects into three lists viz. the federal, provincial and concurrent.


1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
2. Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A.
3. A is true but R is false.
4. A is false but R is true.

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Correct Answer - Option 4 : A is false but R is true.

The correct answer is Option 4 i.e. A is false but R is true.

  • The government of India act 1935 was passed by the British Parliament in August 1935.With 321 sections and 10 schedules.
  • This was the longest act passed by the British Parliament so far and was later split into two parts viz. Government of India act 1935 and Government of Burma act 1935.
  • The Government of India acts in 1935 derived material from four key sources viz. Report of the Simon Commission, discussions at the third round table conference, The White paper of 1933, and the reports of the Joint select committees.
  • The act ended the system of dyarchy introduced by GOI act 1919 and provided for the establishment of a Federation of India to be made of provinces of British India and some or all of the Princely states. However, the federation never came into being as the required number of princely states did not join it.
  • Some of the salient features of the Government of India act 1935 were as follows:-
    • Abolition of provincial dyarchy and introduction of dyarchy at centre.
    • Abolition of India council and introduction of an advisory body in its place.
    • The supremacy of the British Parliament.
    • Provision for an All India Federation with British India territories and princely states.

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