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Assertion : There shall be a council of ministers with the Chief Minister at the head to aid and advise the Governor in the exercise of his functions,except in so far he is by or under the Constitution,required to exercise his functions,or any of them in his discretion.

Reason : The Chief Minister shall be appointed by the Governor and other ministers shall be appointed by the Governor on the advice of the Chief Minister.


1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
2. Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A.
3. A is true but R is false.
4. A is false but R is true.

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Correct Answer - Option 2 : Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A.

The correct answer is Option 2 i.e. Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A.

  • Article 163: Council of Ministers to aid and advise the Governor 
  • There shall be a council of ministers with the Chief Minister at the head to aid and advise the Governor in the exercise of his functions, except in so far as he is by or under this constitution required to exercise his functions or any of them in his discretion.
  • If any question arises whether any matter is or is not a matter as respects which the Governor is by or under this constitution required to act in his discretion, The decision of the Governor in his discretion shall be final and the validity of anything done by the Governor shall not be called in question on the ground that he ought or ought not to have acted in his discretion.
  • The question whether any, and if so what, the advice was tendered by Ministers to the Governor shall not be inquired into in any court.
  • The Chief Minister shall be appointed by the Governor and the other Ministers shall be appointed by the Governor on the advice of the Chief Minister and the Ministers shall hold office during the pleasure of the Governor (Article 164).
  • The Council of Ministers shall be collectively responsible to the Legislative Assembly of the State.

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