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Per unit impedance is equal to
1. base impedance / actual impedance
2. actual impedance / base impedance
3. base MVA / base current
4. base current / base MVA

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Correct Answer - Option 2 : actual impedance / base impedance

Per unit value of a quantity is defined as the ratio of its actual value to its base value.

Per unit impedance = actual impedance / base impedance

Important Point:

The relation between new per-unit value & old per unit value impedance

\({({Z_{pu}})_{new}}\; = {({Z_{pu}})_{old}} \times {\left( {\frac{{k{V_{base}}}}{{k{V_{new}}}}} \right)^2} \times \;\left( {\frac{{MV{A_{new}}}}{{MV{A_{old}}}}} \right)\)

Also \({Z_{pu}} = \frac{{{Z_{Actual}}}}{{{Z_{base}}}}\)

 \({Z_{base}} = \frac{{kV_{base}^2}}{{MV{A_{base}}}}\)

Where,

(Zpu)new = New per unit value of impedance

(Zpu)old = Old per unit value of impedance

kVbase = Old base value of voltage

kVnew = New base value of voltage

MVAnew = New base value of power

MVAold = Old base value of power

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